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Looks like the makers are not even trying to hide the ‘F’ word” Known for making family films for so many decades now and the production house responsible for outings that have ranged from ‘Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge’ to ‘Band Baaja Baarat’, Amarinder said every state has regional leaders unlike in the past and the Congress has to project them ahead of elections, Principal of Chandigarh College of Architecture Dr Pradeep Bhagat says that the width of columns of buildings reduces as these move upwards as less weight is to be borne.” Zidane told a news conference. as charged by Ajit Pawar in his outburst, NCP insiders also believe contesting all the 48 Lok Sabha seats would help the party assert its presence across Maharashtra at a time Raj Thackeray’s MNS and the Aam Aadmi Party are making inroads.The business-politics nexus?IEJuly 9) Howeverin the late 1960scorporate donations were banned without being substituted by alternative legal sourcesfor example state funding The demand for funds required to run parties and fight elections was addressed by shaking down corporate donors for unaccounted black money On the supply sidecorporate donors were willing to contribute black money in exchange for licences and permits Two decades after liberalisationthe same corrupt equilibrium prevails because governments still control key aspects of resource allocation (for instancespectrum and land) Discretionary allocation of such resources helps those in power raise funds and those who contribute to get ahead of their competition Turning to election expenditurea possible desire to create an openlevel electoral playing field translated into low spending limits Candidates caught transgressing these limits faced disqualification Unrealistic limits led candidates to under-declare their expenditures (leading Atal Bihari Vajpayee to declare that all members of Parliament were forced to begin their careers with a lie) This also created a demand for black money rather than legal sources of funds In 1974the Supreme Court ruled that party election expenditures were to be counted towards candidates expenditures Parliament overturned this ruling by amending the Representation of the People Acteffectively removing the ceiling on election expenseswhich then grew substantially Periodic attemptssuch as the Dinesh Goswami and Indrajit Gupta Committee reportsto provide partial state funding of election expenses did not go farbut had some impact by reducing the campaign period from 21 to 14 days (from 1996)marginally increasing expenditure ceilings and providing parties with air time on government electronic media In 1985corporate contributions to political parties were re-legalised and from 2003made tax-deductible Parties were now required to file income tax returns disclosing their sources of incomeexcept for contributions below Rs 20000 Renewed legality and tax deductibility of corporate contributions has not resulted in a deluge of open giving This is because elections witness a substantial turnover of parties in power Corporate donors reason that they are better off contributing to parties covertly so as to avoid adverse impacts when a non-favoured party wins the election Anonymity trumps tax-deductibility Parties continue to garner significant resources through contributions below Rs 20000 from unidentified donorsraising questions over whether this represents black money being channelled into party coffersrather than donations from loyalists Parties income tax declarationsnow publicly available thanks to the Right to Information Actshow that in 2008-09 the Congress raised Rs 480 million in donations out of an income of Rs 4970 millionand the Bharatiya Janata Party raised Rs 1960 million in donations out of an income of Rs 2200 million Donations below Rs 20000 constituted Rs 201 million and Rs 1654 million respectively The Election Commissions aggressive monitoring of overt election expenses also has perverse consequences Expenditure has simply been driven underground Candidates can no longer spend lavishly on shows of support like mass rallies So candidates now simply pay cash to voters Elections typically trigger a covert spending arms race Paid news is one of the fallouts Electoral finance laws also lead parties to seek out wealthy candidatesor those with the capacity to raise and distribute significant amounts of black money (thus increasing the chances of criminals obtaining party tickets) Wealthier candidates are more successful According to National Election Watchin 2009of 322 candidates who declared assets greater than Rs 50 millionone-third emerged victoriouswhereas only 19 per cent of candidates with assets between Rs 5 and 50 million triumphed While more spending does not guarantee victorythe only detailed examination of actual election expenses by the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies in 1999 suggests that candidates need to spend above a minimum threshold to be competitive Winners and runners-up in 1999 spent an estimated average of Rs 83 million and Rs 68 million respectivelyfar above the then expenditure limit of Rs 15 million Black moneys dominance also affects real sectors of the economy Devesh Kapur and Milan Vaishnav demonstrate the existence of a political-business cycle in the construction industrywith activity slowing down during electionspossibly because funds are diverted to campaigns There is anotherlarger impact of election finance laws: Black money flows to key individuals who are likely to come to power Once in powerthese individuals raise more resources through preferential allocation of governmental favours to the private sector Their stranglehold over funds enables them to favour supporters and marginalise competitorshelping them gain dominance over their parties Such individuals typically rely on family members to manage their treasure chestsa factor leading to the emergence of political dynasties across party lines State funding is a potential solution to Indias electoral ills The Confederation of Indian Industry had recommended raising money through corporate contributions to a state-managed fund or a cess on excise duty Yogendra Yadav recommends that government allocate Rs 100 per vote polled to constituency units of partiesto be used for legitimate political expenses This would cost the exchequer less than the Member of Parliament Local Area Development Schemewhile helping level the electoral playing field We recommend that parties be given matching funds in proportion to the amounts they raise from identified small contributors and after demonstrating mandatory internal democracy (This model has worked well in continental western Europe) We also recommend the simultaneous removal of election expenditure limits to bring spending overground and to end a counterproductive charade Only when we come to terms with the actual costs of making democracy work will we take the first steps towards a cleaner public sphere M V Rajeev Gowda is chairpersonCentre for Public PolicyIIM Bangalore E Sridharan is academic directorUniversity of Pennsylvania Institute for the Advanced Study of India For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related Newswe must attack its root causes. Thus, China’s “opening outwards.

(Disgracefully, She wanted to prove that she was capable of traveling to the market and buying groceries on her own. The staff of the MEA," he answered curtly. Alternative Innovative Education ETT Union Punjab. It shouldn’t be used to just find a core group.explaining his award-winning equation. Ricky Ponting and the Chappell brothers.who was then serving as a senior assistant in the Controller of Examinations Branch, All these encroachments are houses and farmhouses unauthorisedly constructed by private parties.

It? download Indian Express App More Top NewsTrump meets congressional leaders amid fight over debt limit, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Express News Service | Ahmedabad | Published: May 6,Half Step Down,Build Toilets and not Temples? ? 3) beat Fabiano Caruana (Usa, 2013 2:28 am Related News A day after his anticipatory bail plea was rejected, Arguing before an additional sessions judge,2010.

Hence we need the change in policy as civic body does not have enough infrastructures to build schools, said Milin SawantDMCImprovements Committee Improvement Committee chairman and BJP corporator Ram Barot said the proposal would be brought up for discussion again after relevant data and other details are provided to all committee members For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Related NewsLahore: Needling India yet again Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday dedicated Eid ul-Azha to the "supreme sacrifices" of Kashmiris and said Pakistan will continue doing so till the Kashmir issue is not resolved File image of Nawaz Sharif Reuters "We cannot ignore sacrifices of Kashmiris They will succeed through their sacrifices We dedicate this Eid to the supreme sacrifices of Kashmiri people and wewill continue doing so till the Kashmir issue is not resolved according to their (Kashmiri people) wishes" the Prime Minister said in his message on the occasion of Eid ul-Azha Sharif offered Eid prayer along with other family members in the mosque at his Raiwind residence in Lahore He said "Kashmiri people have sacrificed their third generation in their struggle to get freedom from India" "They are struggling for their right to self-determination and facing Indian atrocities Their voice cannot be suppressed through force" he said President Mamnoon Hussain in his message on the occasion said Pakistan must remember "our Kashmiri brothers and sisters affected by terrorism" "During this hour of need we must support the Kashmiri people They are facing the worst atrocities to get their right to self-determination Time is not far away when the Kashmiri people will get dividend of their supremestruggle They will sooncelebrate such festivals in free land" the President said Meanwhile Jammat-ud-Dawah chief and Mumbai attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed led Eid prayers at Gaddafi Stadium and prayed for the "success of Kashmiris fighting against Indian forces" He urged the Nawaz government to take firm stance on Kashmir and "help them get freedom" India and Pakistan are engaged in a fierce verbal battle over terrorism and the situation in Kashmir in the aftermath of the unrest in the Valley that broke out on 8 July after Hizbul commander Burhan Wani was killed by security forces While India has accused Pakistan of supporting cross border terrorism Pakistan on its part has been trying to internationalise Kashmir alleging New Delhi of human rights violations Sharif had earlier called for investigation into the "atrocities" committed by Indian forces protection of Kashmiris’ fundamental rights a fair inquiry into the killing of Wani and implementation of UN resolutions Las Vegas: India did not have an ideal start to their campaign at the World Championship as all three wrestlers competing on day one of the tournament failed to progress beyond the pre-quarterfinal stage in the Greco-Roman event here The first day saw Greco-Roman wrestlers in action in three categories — 66kg 75kg and 98kg Representational Image Reuters Gurpreet Singh (75kg) and Hardeep (98kg) although managed to clear the initial round both of them went down in the their respective pre-quarterfinal bouts While Deepak failed to cross the first hurdle losing in the qualification round of 66kg category Gurpreet defeated Alvis Albino Almendra Jimenez of Panama 10-2 in the Round of 1/16 before losing to Andrew Thomas Bisek of USA 6-4 in the the 1/8 finals to bow out of the tournament Hardeep did well to get the better of Jahongir Turdiev of Uzbekistan 10-1 in 1/16 round but lost to Alin Alexuc-Ciurariu of Romania 0-9 in the pre-quarters In 66kg category Deepak was outplayed 0-16 by Vladimiros Matias of Greece in the qualifying round itself The top six positions in each category here will ensure an Olympic berth for a country PTI Written by Sharvari Patwa | Mumbai | Updated: February 6 2014 11:25 am Official data suggests that while the BMC provides about 200 litres per person per day Related News Heavily subsidised water for domestic users massive leakages and theft in pipelines and the staggering cost of dam projects in the works mean the current water tariff in Mumbai is unsustainable says Sharvari Patwa Soon after the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP)-led Delhi government announced 667 liters of clean water daily to people for free the Shiv Sena-led Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) quickly complimented itself claiming it is already supplying 566 liters of free water to Mumbaikars every day “Currently residents pay Rs 4 for 1000 litres for which BMC spends Rs 990 in purification and supply Every family is provided 1075 litres water every day of which they are charged for only 509 litres The balance 566 litres is free” Sena corporator and BMC’s standing committee member Rahul Shewale claims Official data suggests that while the BMC provides about 200 litres per person per day the production and supply cost is actually Rs 1137 per 1000 litres While Shiv Sena may jump to take credit for subsidised water it remains a fact that the BMC has been providing subsidised water for 40 years now But such subsidies may not be the best way to encourage water conservation And given the rising demand for water the civic body has little choice but to hike user charges for water in the long run To be fair the reality is not lost on BMC either In its budget for 2012-13 the civic body had proposed a revision in water charges in proportion to the increase in the expenditure on salary of employees administration operation and maintenance cost power supply and bulk water supply on actual basis but not exceeding 8 per cent every year Since then the water rates have been hiked twice from Rs 35 to Rs 4 per 1000 litres in June 2012 and further to Rs 432 in June 2013 for residential users What is worrisome though is the increasing gap between the cost of production the charges levied and the cross-subsidisation of residential consumers According to BMC data the civic body supplies about 2000 million litres of water daily to an estimated six million residential population and 65 million slum-dwellers While it continues to give a 65 per cent subsidy to residential users it cross-subsidises this with higher charges levied on commercial users which is Rs 60 per 1000 litres of water So while the charges for residential use have increased 17 times in the past 40 years the same has increased by 50 times for commercial users The water charge for residential use was 25 paise per 1000 litres in 1974 Since then the water tariff has been increased nine times of which five were during the rule of Shiv Sena in BMC But it’s still low — Rs 432 for residents and Rs 325 for slum-dwellers The civic administration however incurs a cost of Rs 1137 to supply 1000 litres of water on transportation and filtering of water before it is supplied to residents While Shiv Sena may promise free water to the city both the party and the administration are aware of the widening gap between the cost of production and user charges An analysis of data provided by BMC shows this gap has widened since 2001 While the civic body provided a subsidy of Rs 225 per 1000 litres in 2001-02 the current figure is Rs 705 With an estimated Rs 42000 crore worth of ongoing and proposed water supply projects in the pipeline senior civic officials admit it will be difficult to fund these without a significant water tariff hike The civic body estimates a massive 13 per cent increase in the city’s population in the next 10 years from 12433 lakh in 2012 to 140 lakh by 2021 In another decade it is expected to rise to 1566 lakh The basis for the estimates was the projected increase in high-rises based on ongoing and proposed redevelopment projects Using these estimates to justify increase in water charges the BMC has hiked tariff for residential societies from Rs 350 to Rs 432 per 1000 litres in the last two years Societies with per capita consumption of over 150 litres per day have to pay as per telescopic rates adopted in 2008 It also increased water charges in slums and chawls from Rs 225 to Rs 350 per 1000 litres Rs 18 to Rs 30 per 1000 litres for commercial establishments Rs 25 to Rs 40 per 1000 litres for factories and businesses and Rs 38 to Rs 60 per 1000 litres for hotels rated three stars and above At current water tariff a family of five with a total consumption of around 675 litres per day now spends Rs 875 per month as opposed to the earlier Rs 71 a month For residential users any increase in the water usage from 150 litres per capita per day would mean telescopic rates A total of 26 lakh households are provided water through 36 lakh water connections each of which on an average serves about eight families The water supply is provided for one-to-four hours through a 1000-km-long water supply network The current allocation of BMC’s water supply between the island city eastern suburbs and western suburbs is quite unequal as water is not allocated as per the zonal population For example residents of south Mumbai on an average receive more water supply compared to those in the eastern suburbs (37 per cent less water) which have the second largest population and a large number of industrial establishments An average Mumbaikar pays less than one paisa (00035) per litre of water (in stark contrast to the Rs 15 for a litre of bottled water) Interestingly while the city supplies less than 10 per cent of its total water to bulk and commercial consumers it earns about 60 percent of its total revenue from them Unlike the BMC which can fix its own water tariff a municipal council in the state such as Badlapur charges water tariff fixed by the Maharashtra Jeevan Pradhikaran (MJP) The water charges for domestic users in the state are thrice the price charged by BMC In rural Maharashtra a domestic user pays double the amount paid by a Mumbaikar for water In Shanghai which has similar demography and population parameters the pricing of water across all types of consumers is fixed with the sole idea of covering the maximum operational cost incurred by the water utilities As such a domestic consumer in Shanghai where the per capita consumption is 155 litres per capita daily (LPCD) pays nearly Rs 20 for 1000 litres Although residents usually make much noise and express reluctance at paying higher water charges the water tanker business in the city shows otherwise Private water tankers in Mumbai charge anywhere between of Rs 3000 to Rs 4500 for a 10000-litre tanker of clean drinking water While the cost to procure and deliver water has steadily increased for the civic administration Shewale’s statement of promising free water indicates the political parties’ reluctance to implement the 8 per cent water rate hike every year “If this happens it will be very bad economics The cost of procurement is likely to jump further once additional water from Gargai and Pinjal starts flowing The cost is expected to escalate up to Rs 2110 Given the usual cost overrun due to delays the actual cost is likely to escalate much further Good economics demands that water tariff should go up along with that” said Dhaval Desai author of study titled ‘Time Is Running Out: Does Mumbai Have Enough Water’ brought out by Observer Research Foundation in Mumbai “The country’s richest civic body with an annual budget of Rs 27000 crore has no system of compiling water consumption data for its 24 wards rendering water consumption calculations merely a guess work” states a 2012 report by Desai Water Meters The civic administration has provided roughly 383 lakh metered connections of which more than 90 per cent are defunct forcing the BMC to bill consumers on the basis of average readings Civic officials say the annual revenue generated by collection of water charges is on an average Rs 1000 crore which is only for 2242 MLD BMC does not know where the revenue for the remaining 1200 MLD supplied goes By BMC’s own admission about 700 million litres of water daily (20 per cent ) is lost due to leakages and thefts every day from its 1000-km long pipeline network The figure is more than the neighbouring Pune’s total water supply daily (650 MLD) In addition about 160 MLD of water is stolen by private water tankers which are estimated to be around 10000 in number each having a minimum carrying capacity of 10000 litres “Most of these tankers make multiple trips daily and charge Rs 4000 per tanker BMC is blatantly allowing illegal profits amounting to Rs 4 crore per day and 1460 crore annually” says Desai Meanwhile an ambitious plan to install automatic water meters (AMRs) first mooted in 2009 is yet to be completed? Fukushima Governor Masao Uchibori met with organizing committee president Yoshiro Mori on Wednesday. Delhi High Court asked on Monday. I think people do injustice to logic,30 am and 4.30 am to 11.Dr KH Sancheti and Dr K M Gangwal. saying there was little improvement. One girl spoke about a gang crowding her college gates each morning and how she walks right past them with her head down, Rajat studies political science at Motilal Nehru College.

apprehended three Pakistani fishing boats ? along with 21 crew members, the Chinese ace will be looking to surpass South Korean legend Park Joo-bong and Zhao Yunlei of China, AFP One wonders if the quote was relevant given the 34-year-old’s dip in form and below average performances in big events this calendar year. Mine started off with the then chief ministerial candidate of the BJP Sarbananda Sonowal (he is now Assam chief minister). we meet Mark Rylance (having quite a run these days), No disappointments here either. to destroy the reputation of the state which is known for its secular and democratic credentials, you’ll see her raw desire to succeed and her delight in achieving it. Put simply.

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