Tag: 不准不开心会所论坛

Joseph gets demerit point for send-off

first_imgWindies pacer Alzarri Joseph has earned International Cricket Council (ICC) sanctions for his send-off to Anamul Haque during Wednesday’s day/night One-Day International (ODI) at the Providence National Stadium, Guyana.Alzarri JosephThe former Windies U-19 speedster has received an official reprimand and one demerit point after match referee Chris Broad found him guilty of a Level 1 breach of the ICC code of conduct.Joseph was found to have violated article 2.1.7 of the code, which relates to “using language, actions or gestures which disparage or which could provoke an aggressive reaction from a batsman upon his/her dismissal during an international match”.The Windies quick-man gestured towards the dressing room after dismissing the Bangladeshi opener in the third over of the Tigers’ chase. Following the match, Joseph admitted to the offence and accepted the sanctions imposed on him without need for a formal hearing.Level 1 breaches carry a minimum penalty of an official reprimand, a maximum penalty of 50 per cent of a player’s match fee, and one or two demerit points. Meanwhile, Joseph’s current teammate and ex-Windies U-19 skipper Shimron Hetmyer scored a record-breaking ton to help the Caribbean side level the 3-match ODI series 1-1.last_img read more

Chelsea launch move for unhappy Bayern Munich striker Robert Lewandowski

first_imgChelsea are reportedly preparing to make a move for Bayern Munich striker Robert Lewandowski.The Premier League champions are in the market for a new striker with Diego Costa set to leave the club this summer.They had been keen on a deal for Romelu Lukaku but Blues chiefs are understood to be reluctant to meet Everton’s £100m asking price.Now they have turned their attention to Lewandowski, who is unhappy at Bayern.The Polish hitman accused boss Carlo Ancelotti and his teammates of not doing enough to help him finish the season as Bundesliga’s leading goalscorer.Lewandowski netted 30 Bundesliga goals last season as Bayern clinched the title but missed out on the golden boot to Borussia Dortmund’s Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.His agent told Kicker: “Robert told me there was no support from the coach or an appeal to support him in the final game to become top scorer. He was really disappointed, like I have never experienced before.”Now Chelsea look set to offer the 28-year-old a way out of the Allianz Arena – although Roman Abramovich will have to spend big to convince Bayern to sell.Lewandowski is arguably the best number nine in world football.He has netted 110 goals in 147 appearances for Bayern since joining on a free transfer in 2014, having previously enjoyed a similarly prolific spell at Dortmund. Robert Lewandowski is on Chelsea’s radar 1last_img read more

Mark Hughes ‘very disappointed’ to lose his job at QPR

first_imgAssistant manager Mark Bowen says Mark Hughes is “very disappointed” to have lost his job as QPR boss.Bowen took charge for Rangers’ 3-1 defeat at Manchester United, where Harry Redknapp watched from the stands.Hughes believed he should have been given more time to improve results, but he was fired on Friday morning.“I’ve spoken to him and he’s obviously very disappointed. But that’s football and he knows it is a results-driven business,” said Bowen.New manager Redknapp is expected to appoint his own backroom team, leaving Bowen and others brought in by Hughes facing an uncertain future.Bowen added: “At the moment no-one has said anything to me, but I’m still employed by the club.“I played under Harry earlier in my younger days, but he will have his own ideas.”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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Mammals Worth Looking Up to (or Down at)

first_img(Visited 20 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Furry friends around the world get respect from researchers who look at them carefully.Giraffes:  How do the world’s tallest mammals stand up safely on those long, skinny legs?  Researchers at the Royal Veterinary College wanted to know.  Science Daily notes that giraffe limb bones are under a lot of stress from the weight of these giants.  The secret is really groovy!  “Researchers from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) of London found that a supportive ligament is protected by a groove in the animals’ lower leg bones,” the BBC News reports.  “This groove is much deeper in giraffes than in other animals, and the researchers say this helps the spindly-legged giants support their bodyweight.”  By measuring the predicted force on the limbs of giraffes that had died for unrelated reasons, the researchers found that the animals’ limbs are overdesigned: “the limbs remained upright and stable without any additional support and could even withstand greater loads.”Kangaroos:  Trivia question: what mammal walks on five legs?  The kangaroo, according to Nature.  “When kangaroos move slowly, their muscular tails work as a fifth leg.”  Even though kangaroos do not hail from Canada, a Canadian researcher found that “Per kilogram of body mass, the animal’s tail provided as much useful work as a single leg for a walking human.”Apes:  Do chimpanzees have a gesture language?  The BBC News claims that they can use 66 gestures to communicate 19 meanings.  Their voices, however, don’t seem to have anything to do with the gestured messages.Monkeys:  The diversity of facial decorations in guenon monkeys from Central and West Africa is remarkable, as this photo gallery in the BBC News illustrates.  The explanation given is that this diversity evolved in order to prevent interbreeding.  There are more than 25 species of guenons; their faces help keep the species distinct.Pandas:  A panda (but hopefully not its poacher) eats shoots and leaves.  They’re related to meat-eating bears, but pandas live on a diet of bamboo for breakfast, lunch and dinner.  How do they do it?  Science Magazine explains what researchers found by observing them in the wild.  The pandas roam different elevations to catch the nutritious early shoots for some seasons, and the mature limbs at other times.  They get enough nutritional variety this way to sustain them.  It works well, as a viral video shows how much fun they have.Rats!  Whiskers on a rat perform the same functions as fingers on a human hand, according to research at the University of Sheffield reported on Science Daily.  They’re called whiskers for a reason: the little mammals whisk them back and forth to gain tactile information on obstacles and their textures, much like a human in the dark might walk with hands outstretched.  Whisker sensation is not new to scientists, of course, but “until now they did not know to what extent animals were able to deliberately control their whisker movement.”Surprising mammal fossils:  A midget fossil tapir and hedgehog have been found in British Columbia, Science Daily reports.  It shows that the range of these creatures was once far more vast than it is today.  Live Science calls them “pocket pets.”  Both were a surprise to researchers, who found them by accident and didn’t expect to see tropical and forest mammals living side by side.Evolutionarily SpeakingHow do evolutionists explain the mammals reported above?Speaking of giraffes again, Live Science quoted lead researcher Christ Basu, who said, “I’d like to link modern giraffes with fossil specimens, to illustrate the process of evolution.”  Unfortunately, Basu didn’t point to any known fossil transitional forms that would fulfill his wish.The fossil discovery in Canada was called an “evolutionary experiment,” without acknowledgement that experiments are normally conducted by intelligent design.  As for how these complex, well-adapted mammals appeared there in small stature, they didn’t say.As for ape language, “the gulf remains,” one primatologist said.  While thinking the research was “commendable in seeking to fill the gaps in our knowledge of the evolution of human language,” Dr. Susan Schultz of the University of Manchester found the results “a little disappointing” in her opinion.  “The vagueness of the gesture meanings suggest either that the chimps have little to communicate, or we are still missing a lot of the information contained in their gestures and actions,” she said. “Moreover, the meanings seem to not go beyond what other less sophisticated animals convey with non-verbal communication.”  Perhaps she was thinking of crows.As for the guenon monkeys, one researcher trumpeted, “This is perhaps the strongest evidence to date for a role for visual signals in the key evolutionary processes by which species are formed and maintained, and it is particularly exciting that we have found it in part of our own lineage.” (BBC)  It’s not clear, though, why the monkeys would prefer not to hybridize or interbreed, if they all began as members of the same evolutionary branch.  The researchers assumed that geographic isolation led to the differences, but that’s a controversial hypothesis in the face of mounting evidence for sympatric speciation (speciation within the same geographic population).  Either explanation begs the question of speciation.Observers may wonder what to think about Robert Dudley’s hypothesis that drunken monkeys gave humans a thirst for booze (PhysOrg).  That’s what his new book, The Drunken Monkey, Why We Drink and Abuse Alcohol, tries to argue:So, I hypothesize that social facilitation of communication and food sharing and all these bright warm fuzzy feelings we get when we have a drink have basically evolved to facilitate rapid identification of fruit at a distance – you smell a plume, go upwind, and you get to the fruit. Fruit flies do it, we just don’t know if primates do or not.  But they might.  And once you get the fruit, you consume as much as possible before others do, or you share it with your close relatives, which is a well-documented behavior.  The positive psychoactive effects of alcohol may simply exist to enhance the efficacy of these behaviors and, ultimately, they are the targets of natural selection.It’s not exactly clear why a drunken monkey would bear more offspring, or how drunkenness would be coded in genes that would make some humans (but not all) want to get drunk today, ostensibly tens of millions of years later.  Note: Dudley grew up in a family with an alcoholic father.Even the strictest Biblical creationists like Ken Ham believe that quite a bit of diversification of mammals has occurred since the Flood just a few thousand years ago.  Answers in Genesis’s Creation Museum in Kentucky argues that the original created kinds did not look like any of the animals we see today.  After the Flood, animals dispersed and diversified to a remarkable degree according to programmed variability God built into each kind.  The difference between that and Darwinism is that programmed variability is not a blind, purposeless, unguided process.  It’s like pre-adapted software that could deal with a variety of new situations.  We should not be surprised, therefore, that guenon monkeys exhibit such diversity today.  On Noah’s ark, according to the Biblical interpretation, just one pair of each kind would need to be taken aboard.  The built-in programmed variability would serve the descendents well as they spread out over a drastically re-formatted world.  This is not mutation and natural selection; it’s a form of intelligent design that illustrates God’s forethought and planning for robustness against environmental perturbations like the Flood.The evolutionary interpretations stated above, by contrast, rely on storytelling about what blind, unguided processes “might” do.  In science, actual evidence is preferred to speculation.  If critics of Genesis become picayunish about “species” verses “kind” we remind them that the word species means kind in Latin.  It was used by Linnaeus, whose goal was to delineate the original created kinds.  Today, creationists do not believe that species correspond to the created kinds, but that’s just a matter of categorization; some kinds are species (e.g., Homo sapiens), some kinds are probably genera or families.last_img read more

Solar Decathlon 2011: Team Florida’s FLeX House

first_imgThere are two kinds of summers in Florida: hot and humid, and really hot and humid. Team Florida has prepared for both with FLeX House, its entry for the 2011 Solar Decathlon. But the team also is attempting to address issues that go well beyond the state’s seasonal plunge into tropical weather.Population growth in Florida over the next 15 years is expected to severely burden its water supply and increase the need to control pollution and better manage land use. Team Florida – a collaboration of students and faculty at the University of South Florida, Florida State University, the University of Central Florida, and the University of Florida – says it has designed FLeX House as a model for low-cost, low-impact housing that operates at net zero energy while it honors the architectural vernacular of the Florida peninsula and panhandle.FLeX, which stands for Florida Zero Energy Prototype, naturally places a high priority on making efficient use of the state’s often-abundant sunshine, in this case through a photovoltaic array and solar hot water collectors mounted on the home’s flat roof. The exterior walls, floor, and roof are built with stick framing in some sections and structural insulated panels in others. (We’re awaiting word from the team on the insulation values and performance goals for the house.) Follow Team Florida if (WIDGETBOX) WIDGETBOX.renderWidget(‘bc98aae0-8e17-4245-8a17-648637e681bf’); Get the Introducing Flex House » Follow our Progress widget and many other great free widgets at Widgetbox! Not seeing a widget? (More info)Control the climateLike several Decathlon entries, FLeX House features movable elements – including a Murphy bed and gliding partitions – and loft-like sleeping quarters for children or guests that make it easy to reconfigure the interior for both comfort and for localized cooling and heating.The job of managing Florida’s humidity, meanwhile, will fall mainly to an interior desiccant waterfall – essentially a vertically mounted rectangular enclosure through which interior air and a water-absorbing calcium chloride solution are pumped to dry out the air. Once it becomes saturated with water, the calcium chloride solution flows to a separate reservoir where the water is boiled off using heat from the solar thermal system, and the “dried out” calcium chloride solution is then returned to the desiccant waterfall.In late September, when Decathlon takes place and the climate in Washington, D.C., still retains characteristics of the city’s swealtering summer, there should be plenty of humidity to extract. Of course, the desiccant system won’t be challenged in D.C. quite like it will be in Florida in July. MORE INFORMATIONTeam Florida Web pageDOE Web page for Team FloridaTeam Florida Facebook pageGBA Resource Guide for 2011 Solar Decathlon Catering to young homeownersClad in corrugated metal, the exterior walls also feature a lot of window space – sliding glass doors on the north side and large windows on the south side. The walls are clad in corrugated metal, and much of exterior is shaded by louvers made from locally grown cypress. The north side of the house features a deck area that connects to a garden landscape, while the south side, which includes the main entrance, is more heavily shielded by the louver canopy.The main structure is long, rectangular, and designed to fit neatly on a single truck flatbed for transport. Once the building is onsite, entry and bedroom modules deploy from the main body, and the louvers, photovoltaic array, solar thermal collectors, decking, and other exterior fixtures are then installed.Team Florida is drawing extensively from research into PV materials and performance conducted by the University of Central Florida’s Florida Solar Energy Center, a team leader in the Department of Energy’s Building America program. In keeping with its goal to make the project competitive in the Decathlon’s affordability contest and affordable to young couples with moderate incomes, Team Florida aims to install just enough PV panels and solar thermal collectors to power the building’s heat pump, provide hot water, and cover electricity consumption by kitchen appliances, lighting, and other devices.last_img read more

Jaya asks barefoot TN minister to wear chappals

first_imgWhat the chief minister of Tamil Nadu wants, she gets.Ever since she ordered the barefoot information and technology minister to wear shoes, R.B. Udhayakumar has been sporting Bata chappals. Udhayakumar, Jayalalithaa’s devotee since 1997, had declared that he worships the ground that Amma walks on, and vowed never to wear,What the chief minister of Tamil Nadu wants, she gets.Ever since she ordered the barefoot information and technology minister to wear shoes, R.B. Udhayakumar has been sporting Bata chappals. Udhayakumar, Jayalalithaa’s devotee since 1997, had declared that he worships the ground that Amma walks on, and vowed never to wear footwear to the secretariat. “She is my god and I will obey her,” he now says. His feet are grateful for such obedience.last_img read more

The Beyak Effect Fighting antiIndigenous racism and settler denialism in Canada

first_imgA few days after the posters were found The Brunswickan reported that a group called The National Socialist Canadian Labour Revival Party (NSCLRP) had claimed responsibility for them. MacDonald described content found on the group’s blog and Facebook page “racist, discriminatory and anti-Semitic.”Days later again, The Brunswickan reported that the self-proclaimed founder of the NSCLRP was Michael Thurlow, who claimed responsibility for two new posters that were found on the university campus, and who found a supporter in Mehta.UNB campus security has been investigating the circumstances around the posters, including whether the person who physically put them up is associated with the university, but has not made any announcements to date, a UNB spokesperson told APTN Wednesday.McPhee said the apparent rise in public displays of racism and the way media report on them are intimately connected, and that journalists have a duty to be more diligent than ever in considering the evolution of conceptions of journalistic objectivity and other fundamental principles that guide journalistic integrity.“I think…the public is becoming a little bit more aware that things aren’t always equal, views aren’t always held equally and we shouldn’t treat them as if they should be held equally,” she said. “When you’re talking about white supremacist, racist views, it’s a lot easier to see that neutrality and free speech and objectivity might not be the best way to go about them — and how as a society are we going to deal with this? Because there is danger in shutting out some views.“Especially with Trump in America and how the press is covering him, the public is becoming more aware that some of these traditional views of what truth is aren’t exactly what we thought they were. Truth might not be something equally as balanced as we thought. It might be a bit trickier to go about than just trying to get two sides going against each other and trying to find a truth from that. You might have to actually hold up one over the other and be able to prove with thorough and rigorous investigation why you’re right.”The 1996 Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples reported that “mainstream media do not reflect Aboriginal realities very well,” and that “because Canadians do not hear Aboriginal points of view, they are often left with mistaken impressions about Aboriginal people’s lives and aspirations and the reasons for their actions.”Though Canadian media’s failure to adequately and accurately report Indigenous peoples, nations, cultures and perspectives has been identified time after time, Indigenous people themselves remain acutely aware of the racism and denialism inherent in settler colonial society.“The continued abrogation of Indigenous rights, and the continued denialism that we are experiencing as a country is very serious, and it is completely reflective of the longer-standing efforts in this society to control and dominate Indigenous life as a whole,” says Moran, responding to the recent incidents of residential school denialism.“For those that are seeking to find the silver lining in the cloud, or to deny that the residential schools were bad, we really gotta be honest: why are we trying to do this? Why are you looking for the good in this? Just sit with the bad for a minute and actually put yourself in the shoes of that child.”jbrake@aptn.ca “Rather than attack with a protest against the racism, we bring our circle back together, because somewhere these young people that are doing it have stepped out of the circle of unity within diversity, not realizing we have to live together. They’re trying to impose their actions that hurt, and what we want to do is resist addressing those actions through the same way.“So what we do is bring our circle together, bring our ceremonial gifts that Mother Earth provides for us. So we organized a circle, and we wanted to do it right away so that students didn’t have to carry the burden of being attacked culturally.”Reporting racism and denialismUNB’s student newspaper in Fredericton broke the story of the posters, but not after intense editorial deliberations.Emma McPhee, editor-in-chief of The Brunswickan, and reporter Emma MacDonald decided to only report some of the poster’s text, not all of it, and to “provide context along with what was being said, as well as some of the ironies in what [the poster] were saying and how it didn’t quite make sense.”McPhee told APTN she didn’t want The Brunswickan “to be the platform that these white supremacist views could be spread more broadly,” or to give “more attention to views that are untrue and unfounded.”But after the poster went public on social media, and after mainstream media reported their entire contents, McPhee and MacDonald chose to show the posters in full.The posters claimed “it was slander on whites to say that what they had done to Indigenous people in Canada was bad…and that’s why we took that as being a form of white supremacy,” McPhee explained. “If you’re saying something that is actually true, which was that the European people who colonized what is now Canada took the original inhabitants and tried to ‘civilize’ them—by saying that that isn’t bad, and that calling that bad is slander—that’s a form of white supremacy. It’s taking history and calling it slander.”The Brunswickan issued an editorial statement alongside their coverage of the story, saying “that we condemned any form of hate speech, that we didn’t feel there was any way to cover it objectively or neutrally, just because it was hate speech.“If we were trying to cover it neutrally, we’d be suggesting that hate speech is just as valid as non-hate speech. And we didn’t want to do it that way; we didn’t want there to be any question of where we stood as a publication when it came to hate speech.” Justin Brake APTN NewsIn the wake of the Senator Lynn Beyak controversy, the Gerald Stanley verdict and new reports of racism in the RCMP, critics are speaking out about racism and settler denialism in Canada.As the nation grapples with the aftermath of high profile events that many say reveal the racism inherent in settler colonialism, some observers hope Canadians are coming away with a clearer understanding of their country’s history.“We have to be very honest with ourselves, and we have to as a country drop the natural defense mechanisms that we have, which is denialism, head-in-the-sand-ism, rejectionism, and disbelief that we are in fact telling the truth, and that this truth has been unequivocally proven,” says Ry Moran, Director of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg.Moran is referring to comments by Beyak and others, which he says undermine the credibility of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s report and downplay Canada’s Indian residential school system as a tool of cultural genocide.Last year Beyak said residential schools weren’t all bad, and that while “the negative issues” around the schools “must be addressed, it is unfortunate that they are sometimes magnified and considered more newsworthy than the abundance of good” that came from them.The comments were met with widespread backlash, prompting the Harper-appointed Ontario senator to publish more than 100 letters of support on her website, some of them featuring overtly racist comments.Conservative leader Andrew Scheer kicked Beyak out of the party caucus after the senator refused to remove some of the letters on the grounds of free speech. She now sits as an independent.Beyak was not available for an interview but her Parliamentary Affairs Advisor Gerald Myall told APTN News in an emailed statement that the senator “understands the issues that affect the local Indigenous people and has been involved with self help groups for decades,” and that she “realizes that there is still hurt and anger but we need to move forward in compassion and forgiveness, not guilt and blame.”The impact of Beyak’s comments in the Senate and to media, some say, may be reverberating throughout Canada.Racist posters found on university campusLast month posters containing what some have called white supremacist and racist comments were found on the University of New Brunswick campus in Fredericton.They depict a Canadian red ensign flag and urge people to “reject the anti-white narrative being pushed in media and academia,” and to “stop the slander of the founding Europeans of Canada.”They also argue that, “overwhelmingly, Native Americans are beneficiaries, and not victims, of the society built by Europeans.”Dr. Matthew Sears, an Associate Professor of Classics and Ancient History at UNB, found one of the posters on a bulletin board outside his office.He Tweeted it out, with a message that “the consequences of marginalizing indigenous peoples…in the name of ‘free speech,’ are real and hurt real people. Let’s all stand against this cowardice and bigotry, and call out, publicly, everyone enabling it.”Sears says instances of racism, bigotry and settler denialism need to be identified and publicly refuted with facts as a means of educating the public about colonialism, especially those who may be inclined to believe the hateful stereotypes and misinformation that typically accompany anti-Indigenous racist sentiment.He says that, like the so-called ‘Trump Effect’ in the United States, the “Beyak Effect” could be at play in Canada following the senator and her comments’ extensive coverage in Canadian media. “When leading public figures are making these kinds of statements, then people who already hold these views feel empowered to make these statements,” he said.Sears points to Acadia psychology professor Rick Mehta as an example of denialism run amok.Last month Mehta came to Beyak’s defense on the grounds of free speech.“You claim to support free speech, yet you remove Senator Beyak from your caucus,” Mehta Tweeted at Scheer. “Where is the evidence of racism?”But in the days and weeks that followed, Mehta’s Twitter feed filled up with messages that revealed the professor himself questions the legitimacy of the TRC.In one tweet he said the TRC’s report “was based on a biased process that didn’t take all views into account,” and that it was “designed to create a victim narrative that could then be used as a basis for endless apologies and compensation.”In another, he said he fears “the TRC and the decolonization movement [are] going to worsen race relations between the indigenous and non-indigenous people.”Questioning the TRC: informed concerns or denialism?In an interview with APTN last month Mehta reiterated his doubt of the TRC’s findings.“The key issue is, was the output that came from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission truly representative of what actually happened in that chapter of our history?” he said.The TRC documented the deaths of more than 6,000 Indigenous children while they attended the schools, from malnutrition, disease and physical and sexual abuse.But Mehta questions whether the roughly 150,000 children who attended the schools were treated any differently than non-Indigenous students in Canada.“In terms of the abuse, the norms at that time were very different, so I’d want to see what the comparisons were in terms of the non-First Nations students. How were they treated?” he said.Mehta doesn’t deny that the schools’ architects and staff were deliberately working to assimilate Indigenous children and youth, but he also believes what many were “trying to do in practice was have a good experience for the children, so that that way [the children] could adjust and become productive members of the new society that was being formed at the time.”Sears has criticized Mehta on social media. He says that in light of all the evidence presented in the TRC report — based on an “amount of testimony and evidence [that] would make any scholar jealous” — “to simply go out and dismiss [the report] is both academically unserious and, I think, fraudulent.”But he thinks there’s more at play behind Mehta’s and others’ questioning of the TRC’s work and of the residential schools’ impacts.“Having privilege and having systemic and institutional disparities pointed out — people don’t like that. It’s an uncomfortable feeling,” he says.“I think it’s a reaction to this idea that maybe people are in the place they’re in in society, in the culture, in the economy, not entirely because of their own work or lack of work but because of what structures exist, what they’ve had to deal with, what privilege they already have — and there’s a reaction against that.”During his interview with APTN Mehta said he and other settlers living today “had nothing to do with those atrocities that were done in the past,” and that he doesn’t want to “take blame or feel guilty” for those atrocities.“When you have that kind of premise all it’s going to do is worsen race relations. It’s completely counterproductive to reconciliation.”But Sears says settlers have to navigate their discomfort with the history of their ancestors and country in order to grasp the truth he and others say is a prerequisite for reconciliation.“It’s not that I personally, for example, am responsible for residential schools, but I’ve benefitted simply as being an Anglo-white Canadian, from the system that put residential schools in place, and the continuing prejudices and stigmas that exist in our society because of it,” he says, explaining his own family’s history in what is now New Brunswick.“This is unceded Wolastoqiyik territory that my family, generations ago, was given by government, which wasn’t really the government’s to give. And I’m in the position I’m in — my family’s in the position they’re in now in this province, in this city — because of land we were given that shouldn’t have been ours in the first place. So that’s a direct material benefit I’ve received.”Like Beyak and the UNB posters, Mehta cited comments made by Cree playwright and residential school survivor Tomson Highway in a December 2015 interview with the Huffington Post. Tomson said that while “you may have heard from 7,000 witnesses in the process that were negative…what you haven’t heard are the 7,000 reports that were positive stories.”APTN reached out to Highway for this story but did not receive a response by the time of publication.Positioning himself as an academic and advocate, and not a survivor, Moran says that while some survivors reported positive experiences at the schools — some of them highlighted in the TRC report’s “warm memories” section — those accounts shouldn’t be used to downplay Canada’s efforts to eradicate Indigenous peoples and cultures.“Yes, it is nuanced,” he said, “but again the big story is of a system that was forcibly trying to convert people, and children, into something that they were not.“I think one of the most significant uncomfortable truths that this country has got to come to terms with is the fact that we are a proven, at least culturally genocidal state, and perhaps even a genocidal state.”In his June 2008 Indian residential schools apology, then Prime Minister Stephen Harper acknowledged the school system’s intent and consequences, and the disparity in the number of negative and positive accounts from survivors.“While some former students have spoken positively about their experiences at residential schools these stories are far overshadowed by tragic accounts of the emotional, physical and sexual abuse and neglect of helpless children and their separation from powerless families and communities,” he said.The beliefs behind denialismMehta made a number of claims during his interview with APTN that may reveal more about the fundamental beliefs underpinning his position on residential schools, Indigenous peoples, rights and sovereignty.He called those behind Idle No More, the Indigenous-led grassroots movement initiated in 2012, “echo activists,” adding that alongside corrupt chiefs those activists are actively working to draw money from Canada’s coffers.“Because of course when you have a victimhood narrative, that does give a basis now for apologies and compensation and whatnot,” he said.Mehta also argued that Indigenous people in Alberta who oppose the tar sands and the associated environmental and health consequences “could have moved somewhere else in the country.”He also questioned the legitimacy of oral history, the method of knowledge-sharing that has enabled Indigenous societies to pass traditional knowledge and wisdom from generation to generation, saying “there’s no way to verify the [truth of a] statement one way or another.” Mehta has also vocalized his opposition to Acadia University’s decision to do land acknowledgements on campus. He has criticized the decision-making process that led university administration, faculty and students to acknowledge before classes that they are on the traditional and unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq.Asked if he acknowledges that he lives and works on land the Mi’kmaq have always maintained is unceded, Mehta said the Mi’kmaq “can take that up with the courts.”Presented with the facts that a disproportionate number of Indigenous men and women are represented in Canadian prisons, of the poverty and lack of clean drinking water on reserves, of the intergenerational trauma from residential schools, the Sixties Scoop and the ongoing crisis of Indigenous children in state custody, and the mental health, addiction and suicide epidemics — and asked whether these could be described as consequences of Canada’s efforts to assimilate or eradicate Indigenous people, Mehta didn’t say yes or no, only that “everyone does have personal agency as well,” and that “at some point we do need to start balancing rights with responsibilities, because those do go hand in hand.”Sears says Mehta has “abdicated his responsibility as an educator because he can’t possibly provide a meaningful and educational environment for his students with these public [statements],” and that Acadia has an obligation to publicly denounce Mehta’s comments.“At the bare minimum the university could say something like, he has the freedom to say these things but they do not reflect the views of Acadia University and…we will work as hard as we can to ensure Indigenous students are made to feel that they’re welcome on this campus.”Scott Roberts, a spokesperson for the university, says Acadia will not be issuing a public statement regarding Mehta’s comments or behaviour but is “currently providing solutions for students who have raised concerns so they are not forced to take a course from Dr. Mehta.”He says the onus is on individual students to share their concerns with the university before alternate arrangements for study can be made.Indigenous students and faculty respondHarrison Paul, a member of the Indigenous Students Society of Acadia, says when Mehta’s comments made national headlines some students “reacted in a state of shock because they couldn’t believe that at the institution we are [at] now something like that could have been said.”He says Mehta’s comments don’t “make a lot of us feel safe as Indigenous students,” but that the Indigenous community at Acadia have “started to come together” on campus to talk about the residential schools and their impacts on Mi’kmaq and other Indigenous peoples in Canada.He also says Mehta’s comments don’t reflect the broader Acadia community’s views on residential schools and the decolonization movement.“Who we are is this larger group who actually believes that residential schools were a bad thing, that we are on Mi’kma’ki, and the Indigenous people should not…feel threatened or feel like they are being removed from the university community itself.”At UNB, Elder-in-Residence Opolahsomuwehs told APTN that days after the posters were found on the Fredericton campus more than 100 students, faculty and other members of the university community came together in ceremony to heal.“When posters are put up making it seem like [residential schools] were resorts for our Indigenous people, that’s an insult, and obviously misinformation,” she said.last_img read more